Panch Phoron (Bengali 5-Spice Mix)

Panch phoron is an Indian entire spice mix that provides a kaleidoscopic medley of flavors to dishes from japanese India, Nepal and Bangladesh. The recipe takes simply 5 minutes to place collectively, with no roasting and mixing wanted!

Panch phoron in small silver bowl with silver spoon on the side.

What’s panch phoron?

Panch phoron (additionally known as paanch phoron or panch phoran) is an entire spice mix used within the delicacies of japanese Indian states like West Bengal, Assam and Orissa, and in neighboring Nepal and Bangladesh. “Panch phoron” actually interprets from Bengali into “5 tempering spices,” with the 5 spices being cumin seeds, fennel seeds, nigella seeds, fenugreek seeds and black mustard seeds (some Bengalis use radhuni, the seeds of untamed celery, as a substitute of mustard) .

Every spice contributes a selected taste to the mix and collectively these distinct flavors work their alchemy to create meals that tastes nothing in need of magical.

Fennel is licorice-like, with a pointy sweetness. Fenugreek seeds are bitter, with a candy undertone. Cumin seeds are earthy and mustard seeds are nutty. Nigella seeds contribute an oniony taste (they’re additionally known as onion seeds because of this though they don’t come from onions).

Bengali panch phoron is supposed to be a whole-spice mix, not like different Indian spice blends like garam masala powder or curry powder, that are blended. However when the seeds of panch phoron sputter in oil they ship all of these fantastic flavors seeping into that oil and into the remainder of the dish. This vivid medley of flavors works splendidly in easy dishes like Aloo Posto, a potato curry which I’ll share with you subsequent.

The 5 spices

Every of the 5 spices on this panch phoron spice combination provides nice well being advantages alongside scrumptious taste. Skip over to the recipe card for precise portions of every spice.

  • Fennel seeds (mouri/saunf/sombu). These are the tiny inexperienced seeds of the fennel plant that look a bit like green-tinted cumin. They’ve a splendidly licorice-like taste and are used as a mouth freshener after meals in India. Fennel seeds help digestion, cut back respiratory illnesses and have cancer-fighting properties.
  • Cumin seeds (jeera/jeeragam). Cumin provides an earthy and heat aroma to meals, and is very fantastic in dishes like this jeera rice and jeera aloo. Cumin is wealthy in antioxidants, helps management blood sugar, and helps thrust back most cancers and digestive issues, amongst different advantages.
  • Black mustard seeds (shorshe/sarson/rai/kadagu). The tiny seeds of the mustard plant are sharply spicy and nutty. Be sure to use brown mustard seeds or black mustard seeds in all Indian cooking, not the yellow selection. Black mustard seeds have a wealth of key minerals and are particularly good for the digestive system and the respiratory system.
  • Nigella seeds (kalojeera/kalonji). Nigella seeds have a spicy, pungent style, very similar to that of onions. Nigella protects the body from cell harm from free radicals, and should assist defend the mind, amongst a number of documented advantages.
  • Fenugreek seeds (methi/vendhayam). Fenugreek seeds, used within the Ethiopian berbere spice mix and in Indian dishes like dosa and idli, are predominantly bitter, with a deep, candy undertone. Methi seeds have large advantages for digestive well being. They’re additionally identified to scale back blood sugar ranges and ldl cholesterol.

Tips on how to make panch phoron

Five spices for panch phoron in white bowl.

Place the 5 spices for panch phoron in a bowl.

Panch phoron spice blend mixed in white bowl.

Combine and retailer in an hermetic jar till prepared to make use of.

Panch phoron in silver bowl with silver spoon next to it.

Professional tip

  • The important thing to creating , balanced panch phoron is to make use of an identical quantity (by quantity) of every of the seeds. In my recipe I take advantage of two teaspoons of every. Do not be tempted to chop down on one spice simply since you don’t love the flavour of a person spice, or you’ll throw the complete spice mix off-kilter.

Recipe FAQs

What does panch phoron style like?

Panch phoron has notes of licorice-like sweetness from fennel mixed with the spice and heat of mustard seeds, earthy tones of cumin seeds, nice pungent notes from nigella and the bittersweet taste of fenugreek. It is a vivid, putting taste and it provides a magical high quality to meals. Panch phoron is usually used as a pickling spice and it’s what provides Indian pickles their marvelous taste.

What recipes can I make with panch phoron?

Panch phoron is used to make dals (lentils), greens and stews. You’ll be able to add it to this lime pickle or to this carrot pickle. I may even share with you subsequent a easy potato recipe, known as Aloo Posto, the place the panch phoron works its magic.

When ought to I add panch phoron to a recipe?

Panch phoron is a tempering spice, so it needs to be added to most recipes proper firstly, through the “tadka” section. This could enable the spices to bloom, releasing their important oils into the pan. It will sometimes be added to scorching oil and, as soon as the mustard seeds crackle and sputter, you’ll proceed with the remainder of the recipe.

How do I retailer panch phoron?

Panch phoron needs to be saved in an hermetic jar in a darkish, cool, dry place, like a kitchen cabinet, away from direct daylight. As a result of it’s a entire spice mix it has an extended shelf life than a powdered spice mix would have, however it’s best used up inside a 12 months.

Extra Indian spice mix recipes

Panch phoron in a silver bowl with silver spoon.

When you love this panch phoron recipe, please try different Indian vegan recipes on Holy Cow Vegan!

Panch phoron in silver bowl with silver spoon next to it.

Panch Phoron (Bengali five-spice mix)

Panch phoron is an Indian entire spice mix that provides a kaleidoscopic medley of flavors to dishes from japanese India, Nepal and Bangladesh. The recipe takes simply 5 minutes to place collectively, with no toasting and mixing wanted!

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Review Recipe

Course: Indian Spice Mix

Delicacies: Indian (Bengali)

Weight loss program: Gluten Free, Vegan, Vegetarian

Servings: 4 makes use of (1 tablespoon every)

Energy: 21kcal

Writer: Vaishali · Holy Cow Vegan

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Recipe notes

  • The important thing to creating , balanced panch phoron is to make use of an identical quantity (by quantity) of every of the seeds. Do not be tempted to chop down on one spice simply since you don’t love the flavour of a person spice, or you’ll throw the complete spice mix off-kilter.
  • Panch phoron needs to be saved in an hermetic jar in a darkish, cool cabinet away from direct daylight. As a result of it’s a entire spice mix it has an extended shelf life than a powdered spice mix would have, however it’s best used up inside a 12 months.

Diet

Serving: 1tablespoon | Energy: 21kcal | Carbohydrates: 3g | Protein: 1g | Fats: 1g | Saturated Fats: 0.1g | Polyunsaturated Fats: 0.2g | Monounsaturated Fats: 1g | Sodium: 4mg | Potassium: 61mg | Fiber: 1g | Sugar: 0.1g | Vitamin A: 16IU | Vitamin C: 0.5mg | Calcium: 29mg | Iron: 2mg

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